Catalog No. 16
Pottery or stoneware, relief, 0.5L, figural lid (gnomes).
�Frisch, fromm, fr�hlich, frei,
der Reichtum deutscher Turnerei.�
(Fresh, pious, happy, free,
the richness of German gymnastics).
The �4F� symbol in the central image represents a movement begun by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), or �Turnvater Jahn�, who is credited with responsibility for organizing the first gymnastics clubs (Turn Vereine) in Germany during the early 19th century. The four Fs stand for �Frisch, Fromm, Fr�hlich, Frei�.