Catalog No. 16
Pottery or stoneware, relief, 0.5L, figural lid (gnomes).
“Frisch, fromm, fröhlich, frei,
der Reichtum deutscher Turnerei.”
(Fresh, pious, happy, free,
the richness of German gymnastics).
The “4F” symbol in the central image represents a movement begun by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), or “Turnvater Jahn”, who is credited with responsibility for organizing the first gymnastics clubs (Turn Vereine) in Germany during the early 19th century. The four Fs stand for “Frisch, Fromm, Fröhlich, Frei”.