Catalog No. 178
Pottery or stoneware, relief, 2.0L, pewter lid.
“Stark und frei macht Turnerei.”
(Gymnastics produces strength and freedom.)
“Frisch, Fromm, Frohlich, Frei”
(Fresh, Pious, Happy, Free)
The “4F” symbol (Frisch, Fromm, Fröhlich, Frei) above the central figure represents a movement begun by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), or “Turnvater Jahn”, who is credited with responsibility for organizing the first gymnastics clubs (Turn Vereine) in Germany during the early 19th century.