Catalog No. 312
Pottery or stoneware, relief, 0.5L, pewter lid.
“Froh der Sinn, fromm des Turners Herz,
frisch der Muth, Freiheit höchstes Gut.”
(Happy the spirit, pious the gymnast’s heart,
fresh the courage, freedom the highest good.)
Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), or “Turnvater Jahn”, is credited with responsibility for the rebirth of gymnastics in Germany during the early 19th century, and with organizing the first German gymnastics clubs (Turn Vereine), represented by the “4F” symbol displayed on both sides of this stein. The four Fs stand for “Frisch, Fromm, Fröhlich, Frei” (Fresh, Pious, Happy, Free).