Catalog No. 492
Pottery or stoneware, relief, 2.0L, pewter lid.
“Frisch der Sinn, fromm des Turners Herz,
froh der Muth, Freiheit höchstes Gut.”
(Fresh the spirit, pious the gymnast’s heart,
happy the courage, freedom the highest good.)
The “4F” symbol central to this design represents a movement begun by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), or “Turnvater Jahn”, who is credited with responsibility for organizing the first gymnastic clubs (Turn Vereine) in Germany during the early 19th century. The four Fs stand for “Frisch, Fromm, Fröhlich, Frei” (Fresh, Pious, Happy, Free).