Catalog No. 633
Pottery, relief, 3.0L, pewter lid (shown with added pewter foot ring).
“Bei Freud und bei Schmerzen bewahret euch treu,
den turnspruch im Herzen, frisch, fröhlich, fromm, frei!”
(With joy and with pain you remain loyal,
the gymnast’s maxim at heart, fresh, happy, pious, free!)
The portrait in the central image depicts Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), or “Turnvater Jahn”, who is credited with responsibility for the rebirth of gymnastics in Germany during the early 19th century, and for development of gymnastics equipment such as the parallel bars and pommel horse. The “4F” symbol in the flag above the portrait represents the tenets of the movement he began, standing for “Frisch, Fromm, Fröhlich, Frei”.
Third text string (Bei Freud….) is from a song entitled “Des Turners Trachten” (The Gymnast’s Aspiration), written in 1825 by Daniel Runge.