Catalog No. 417
Pottery, relief, 0.5L, pewter lid.
“Turnerei u. Gerstensaft schaffen rechte Manneskraft.”
(Gymnastics and barley juice produce true virility.)
“Frisch, fromm, froh, frei, hoch Turnerei!”
(Fresh, pious, happy, free, long live gymnastics!)
The “4F” symbol central to this design represents a movement begun by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778-1852), or “Turnvater Jahn”, who is credited with responsibility for organizing the first gymnastics clubs (Turn Vereine) in Germany during the early 19th century. The four Fs stand for “Frisch, Fromm, Fröhlich, Frei” (Fresh, Pious, Happy, Free).